Anniversary of the 1972 dock strike

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Painting of the mass demonstration outside Pentonville prison by Dan Jones. Copyright: TUC/Dan Jones

This week marks the anniversary of the 1972 dock strike. During the strike, five dockers – Bernie Steer, Vic Turner, Derek Watkins, Cornelius Clancy and Anthony Merrick – all shop stewards of the Transport and General Workers’ Union, were arrested on the picket line, committed for contempt and put in Pentonville Prison. Thousands of workers in the docks, printing and other industries struck in protest and the TUC called for a one day national stoppage on 31 July. Had this been implemented it would have been only the second general strike in Britain’s history (following the 1926 General Strike).

A mass demonstration in support of the “Pentonville Five” took place outside the prison on 25th July, a scene captured in the above painting by the artist Dan Jones. Following the intervention of the Official Solicitor, the men were released the following day.

To find out more about the TUC Library and the material in contains, get in touch.

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Syracuse University Students Get A Historical Education at the TUC Library

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Students from Syracuse University, with their tutor Jess Pauszek (second from the right).

This summer students from Syracuse University, New York, have been visiting the TUC Library to assist with the cataloguing of our archive deposit from the Federation of Worker Writers. Syracuse academics Steve Parks and Jess Pauszek report on their visit:

The Federation of Worker Writers and Community Publishers (FWWCP) Collection, housed at the TUC Library, represents a unique self-written and self-published history of the British working-class in the late 20th century. Developed through over 100 writing/publishing groups located across the United Kingdom, these publications move from an industrial-based working class with principally a European heritage to a working class identity that is globalized and situated within a nuanced ethnic/gender framework. As Syracuse University Professor Steve Parks has written, “The FWWCP represents one of the most significant working class projects of the 20th century.”

And it is for this reason, that Syracuse University professor Steve Parks and Humanities Fellow Jessica Pauszek have spent the past two years bringing students from their university to help develop the FWWCP Collection at the TUC Library, London Metropolitan University. The Collection itself began with a significant donation from FWWCP member Nick Pollard, but has now expanded to include donations from the other members, with the total number of books now surpassing 4,000. In addition to these publications, the Collection houses archival materials such as minutes, constitutional documents, annual reports, newsletters, magazines, and broadsheets from the group’s Executive Committee, member groups, and individuals within the organization. Although the FWWCP ended in 2008, a new iteration of this group formed as The FED: A Network of Writing and Community Publishers, which continues to produce the FED Festival each year and remain active through writing groups, online writing challenges, and additional writing activities: http://www.thefed.btck.co.uk

Over their five-week-stay in London, Syracuse University students worked with Jeff Howarth, TUC Academic Liaison Librarian, to sort through books, flyers, and organizational documents developing a database of close to 2,000 listings. In the process, they attend the “Fedfest,” met FWWCP and FED members, and collaborated on a new publication bringing these different audiences into dialogue.

Syracuse students working on the collection

The next stage of the project will be to take this database and turn it into a digital reference guide, available to anyone who wishes to see what rich materials are in the archive. Ultimately, the goal is to not only have a listing of books, but digital copies for download. In this way, the hope is to return (in digital form) the books back to the community in which they originated.

Given the strong academic and pedagogical support provided by the TUC Library, Parks notes that he “intends to continue bringing students to the TUC Library to work on the FWWCP materials, since by doing so they not only develop a rich sense of British history, but can also gain a true sense of the role of archives in documenting and creating that history.”

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Ada Salter Day – Saturday 16th July

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This Saturday Southwark and Bermondsey in south London mark the 150th anniversary of the birth of Ada Salter (1866-1942) – social reformer, pacifist, Quaker and first woman mayor in London.

Salter moved to Bermondsey in 1897 to take part in the Settlement Movement, a form of social reform that advocated the mixing of social classes and the provision of health and educational services in settlement houses located in poor areas. The TUC Library has a collection of material related to the educational settlement movement:

Salter was also politically active, first with the Liberal Party, but later with the Independent Labour Party. In 1906 she co-founded, and was later President of, the Women’s Labour League. The TUC Library holds a collection of the League’s reports and publications, along with those of similar organisations with which it worked, such as the National Federation of Women Workers:

Salter was active in Bermondsey during the spate of strikes that erupted in 1911. The image below is from our Union Makes Us Strong website and shows a strike at Pink’s jam factory in Bermondsey in 1911:

As an internationalist and pacifist, Salter was also involved in the foundation of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom in 1915. The photo below includes Salter at the second congress of the League in 1919:

Events to mark Salter’s anniversary start on Friday evening and continue during the day on Saturday. A full programme can be seen by downloading the flyer here.

For more information about the TUC Library’s material, get in touch.

 

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General Election – 5th July 1945

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Labour leader Clement Attlee celebrating victory on election night, 1945

Seventy one years ago today (5th July) the UK went to vote in the 1945 General Election, which resulted in an unexpected landslide for the Labour Party.

The TUC were heavily involved in the tri-partite negotiations that implemented the new Labour Government’s manifesto programme of full employment and expansion of the welfare state as recommended in the Beveridge Report. The TUC Library therefore contains an extensive collection of material related to the social policy areas of the time: unemployment; foundation of the NHS; education; expansion of National Insurance; housing policy.

Leaflet explaining the new welfare state services, produced by Wolverhampton and District Trades Council, 1949

For more information about the items shown, or anything else the TUC Library contains, get in touch.

 

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Matchworkers strike – July 1888

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Some of the young matchworkers who took part in the strike, 1888.

It was in early July 1888 that the young matchworkers of the Bryant & May match factory in Bow in the East End of London walked out on strike. Some of the workers had been speaking to journalist Annie Besant some days earlier about the terrible sanitary conditions in the factory. The use of a toxic form of phosphorous in the match making process resulted in the workers developing “phossy jaw” as the chemical contaminated the bones of the face.

When the factory owners sacked a number of employees for speaking to the journalist, hundreds of the workers walked out on strike. A strike fund register was set up, to distribute the donations that poured in from the public after Besant highlighted the plight of the workers in the press. You can see a digitised version of the stike fund register, which is deposited at the TUC Library, on our website here. You can also find more information about the history of the strike on our website here.

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